This is a case study we have discussed in Gender Theory and Practice.  What is the “natural body”?  Michael Phelps also slept in an oxygen-enriched sleeping pod to enhance his competitive swimming skills, yet that was accepted as a training tool — not the privilege afforded to a wealthy white male athlete with corporate endorsements.  Fast forward to Caster Semenya and a ruling that she must alter her hormones to level the playing field.  Take a look at the pictures below, a reminder that black bodies (of all genders, to be sure) were the lascivious objects of the colonial gaze.

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